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chef definition wikipedia

Chef de Cuisine) bezeichnet man die Person, die in (gehobenen) Küchenbetrieben durch Leitung der Küchenbrigade den operativen Küchenbetrieb sicherstellt.. Allgemeines. Retrieved January 30, 2016. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. These various resources can be configured to specific versions of software to run and can ensure that software is installed in the correct order based on dependencies. (May be combined with the. In large kitchens, each chef de partie might have several cooks or assistants. substituting when the head chef is off-duty. Various titles, detailed below, are given to those working in a professional kitchen and each can be considered a title for a type of chef. The rate of pay is usually in accordance with the chefs. Kitchen assistants are of two types, kitchen-hands and stewards/ kitchen porters. Jacob showed Chef to Jesse Robbins, who saw its potential after running operations at Amazon. The chef's knife was originally designed primarily to slice and disjoint large cuts of beef. This meal is often referred to as the staff or family meal. Examples include a sous-chef, who acts as the second-in-command in a kitchen, a chef de partie, who handles a specific area of production. They founded a new company with Barry Steinglass, Nathen Haneysmith, and Joshua Timberman to turn Chef into a product. Smaller operations may not have a sous-chef, while larger operations may have more than one. [11], On September 8, 2020, Progress announces the acquisition of Chef.[12]. The head cook of a restaurant or other establishment. The word "chef" is derived (and shortened) from the term chef de cuisine (French pronunciation: ​[ʃɛf.də.kɥi.zin]), the director or head of a kitchen. Like all other chefs except the executive-chef, trainees are placed in sections of the kitchen (e.g., the starter (appetizer) or entrée sections) under the guidance of a demi-chef de partie and are given relatively basic tasks. To become an apprentice, one must be at least 18 years old and have a high school diploma or GED. It uses a pure-Ruby, domain-specific language (DSL) for writing system configuration "recipes". [9], In February 2013, Opscode released version 11 of Chef. The chef's knife was originally designed primarily to slice and disjoint large cuts of beef. The standard uniform for a chef includes a hat called a toque, necktie, double-breasted jacket, apron and shoes with steel or plastic toe-caps. [5], It is one of the major configuration management systems on Linux, along with CFEngine, Ansible and Puppet. È incaricato dell'impostazione del menù, delle ricette e dell'intera sorveglianza della loro realizzazione, sceglie e forma il personale necessario a costituire una valida brigata di cucina che lo supporti. The server uses Elasticsearch to index these attributes and provides an API for clients to query this information. The user writes "recipes" that describe how Chef manages server applications and utilities (such as Apache HTTP Server, MySQL, or Hadoop) and how they are to be configured. A chef de partie, also known as a "station chef" or "line cook",[5] is in charge of a particular area of production. A newly qualified chef is advanced or more commonly a toquecommis-chef, consisting of first-year commis, second-year commis, and so on. These courses can last between one and three years. A sous-chef de cuisine (French: "under-chef of the kitchen") is a chef who is "the second in command in a kitchen; the person ranking next after the executive chef." Sous chef works under executive chef or head chef. Als Küchenchef oder Chefkoch (französisch Maître de Cuisine bzw. El chef debe ser un experto en cocina y conocer con propiedad los productos, la administración, la contabilidad, el derecho, la nutrición, la enología, los costeos, la química, la historia y la geografía (estos últimos dos para poder conocer mejor los productos y saber cómo utilizarlos adecuadamente), entre otros muchos elementos. Chef de Cuisine) bezeichnet man die Person, die in (gehobenen) Küchenbetrieben durch Leitung der Küchenbrigade den operativen Küchenbetrieb sicherstellt.. Allgemeines. Culinary schools and restaurants offer these apprenticeships. They often spend the summer in work placements. ", "How French Laundry's chefs reach for the stars", Official certification levels of the American Culinary Federation, Chef training and career progression in New Zealand, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chef&oldid=991396935, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from January 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with limited geographic scope from January 2010, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Fish dishes, and often fish butchering, and their sauces. Define chef. The double breast also serves to conceal stains on the jacket as one side can be rebuttoned over the other, which is common practice. This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 21:06. The chef's neck tie was originally worn on the inside of the jacket to stop sweat running from the face and neck down the body. If hot liquid is spilled onto it, the apron can be quickly removed to minimize burns and scalds. This person may be responsible for scheduling the kitchen staff, or 1. According to some hygiene regulations, jewelry is not allowed apart from wedding bands and religious jewelry. Apprenticeships usually take 3 to 4 years to complete and combine classroom instruction with on-the-job training. Facial hair and longer hair are often required to be netted, or trimmed, for food safety. In most kitchens, however, the chef de partie is the only worker in that department. Chef is a company and the name of a configuration management tool written in Ruby and Erlang. A saucier (French pronunciation: ) or sauté chef is a position in the classical brigade style kitchen.It can be translated into English as sauce chef.In addition to preparing sauces, the saucier prepares stews, hot hors d'œuvres, and sautés food to order. En chef är en person som leder en grupp eller en verksamhet. Stewards/ kitchen porters are involved in the scullery, washing up and general cleaning duties. chef synonyms, chef pronunciation, chef translation, English dictionary definition of chef. [4], Chef can run in client/server mode, or in a standalone configuration named "chef-solo". El chef debe ser un experto en cocina y conocer con propiedad los productos, la administración, la contabilidad, el derecho, la nutrición, la enología, los costeos, la química, la historia y la geografía (estos últimos dos para poder conocer mejor los productos y saber cómo utilizarlos adecuadamente), entre otros muchos elementos. Unaided, a commis may work on the vegetable station of a kitchen.[9]. An apron is worn to just below knee-length, also to assist in the prevention of burns because of spillage. A common humorous title for this role in some modern kitchens is "chef de plonge" or "head dishwasher".[8]. [2] Head chef is often used to designate someone with the same duties as an executive chef, but there is usually someone in charge of a head chef, possibly making the larger executive decisions such as direction of menu, final authority in staff management decisions, and so on. Fills in as needed on stations in the kitchen. [citation needed] Bandages on the hands are usually covered with nylon gloves. The University of Nottingham School of English Studies. Description. [4] A chef's hat was originally designed as a tall rippled hat called a Dodin Bouffant or more commonly a toque. Chef de cuisine is the traditional French term from which the English word chef is derived. Depending on the level of education, this can take one to four years. 1849, Thackeray, Pendennis (1850), I. xxviii. This person is in charge of all activities related to the kitchen, which usually includes menu creation, management of kitchen staff, ordering and purchasing of inventory, controlling raw material costs and plating design. Chefen företräder arbetsgivaren i det dagliga arbetet och gentemot arbetstagarna. Chef is used to streamline the task of configuring and maintaining a company's servers, and can integrate with cloud-based platforms such as Internap, Amazon EC2, Google Cloud Platform, Oracle Cloud, OpenStack, SoftLayer, Microsoft Azure, and Rackspaceto automatically provision and configure new machines. Baked goods: pastries, cakes, breads and desserts. Regardless of the education received, most professional kitchens follow the apprenticeship system, and most new cooks will start at a lower-level 2nd or 1st cook position and work their way up. Neckties were originally worn to allow for the mopping of sweat from the face, but as this is now against health regulations, they are largely decorative. Latex is not typically used for food preparation due to latex allergy. Additional client platforms include Arch Linux, Debian and Fedora. Station-chef titles which are part of the brigade system include:[7]. Today it is the primary general-utility knife for most western cooks. Other establishments in the UK tend to use the title head chef. The culinary arts, among other aspects of the French language introduced French loan-words into the English language.[1]. allgemein Vorgesetzter; Chef eines Hauses, das Oberhaupt einer deutschen Adelsdynastie, siehe Deutscher Adel#Nachfolgeorganisationen des deutschen Adels; Kompaniechef, Führer und Disziplinarvorgesetzter einer militärischen Einheit; Küchenchef, in gehobenen Küchenbetrieben der Leiter der Küchenbrigade; Regimentschef, eine Ehrenbezeichnung, vergleichbar … For other uses, see, The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Types of Chefs: Executive Chef, Sous Chef & Celebrity Chefs – Who's Who in the Kitchen? A restaurant (French: [ʁɛstoʁɑ̃] ()), or an eatery, is a business that prepares and serves food and drinks to customers. Chef is a company and the name of a configuration management tool written in Ruby and Erlang. A chef's knife generally has a blade eight inches (20 centimeters) in length and 1 1 ⁄ 2 inches (3.8 cm) in width, although individual models range from 6 to 14 inches (15 to 36 centimetres) in length. In some cases this is modified to 'day-release' courses; a chef will work full-time in a kitchen as an apprentice and then would have allocated days off to attend catering college. Kitchen-hands assist with basic food preparation tasks under the chef's direction. The training period for a chef is generally four years as an apprentice. Chef is used by Facebook,[14] AWS OpsWorks, the HP Public Cloud,[15] Prezi,[16] BlackLine, and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. The sous chef is also responsible when the Executive Chef is absent. "Innervate" (PDF). In the UK, most Chefs are trained in the work place, with most doing a formal NVQ level 2 or 3 in the work place. There are different terms that use the word chef in their titles, and deal with specific areas of food preparation. They carry out relatively unskilled tasks such as peeling potatoes and washing salad. [13] Major platform support for clients includes AIX, RHEL/CentOS, FreeBSD, macOS, Solaris, Microsoft Windows and Ubuntu. Like many skilled trades, chefs usually go through a formal apprenticeship which includes many years of on-the-job training. A personal chef will meet with a client and customize a meal plan by determining how often the service will be provided and the number of meals cooked each time. [citation needed], Traditionally, Chef was used to manage Linux but later versions support Microsoft Windows as well. ^ Roth, Isabel. [1] Consequently, the sous-chef holds much responsibility in the kitchen, which can eventually lead to promotion to becoming the executive chef. Chefskapet kan innefatta beslutsfattande, förmedling och inhämtning av information, styrning, uppföljning, lönesättning och budgetarbete. These recipes (which can be grouped together as a "cookbook" for easier management) describe a series of resources that should be in a particular state: packages that should be installed, services that should be running, or files that should be written. Underneath the chefs are the kitchen assistants. May be the supervisor of a separate team in their own kitchen. Chef contains … This article is about professional cooks. [8], Chef was created by Adam Jacob as a tool for his consulting company, whose business model was to build end-to-end server/deployment tools. In client/server mode, the Chef client sends various attributes about the node to the Chef server. [10], On April 2, 2019, the company announced that all their products are now open source under the Apache 2.0 license. [6], The escuelerie (from 15th century French and a cognate of the English "scullery"), or the more modern plongeur or dishwasher, is the keeper of dishes, having charge of dishes and keeping the kitchen clean. Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. The word "chef" is derived from the term chef de cuisine (French pronunciation: ​[ʃɛf.də.kɥi.zin]), the director or head of a kitchen. n. A cook, especially the chief cook of a large kitchen staff. [9], The project was originally named "marionette", but the word was too long and cumbersome to type; the "recipe" format that the modules were prepared in led to the project being renamed "Chef". Lo chef è una figura professionale della ristorazione, responsabile della cucina. Although it is often considered the highest position of the station cooks, the saucier is typically still tertiary to the chef and sous-chef. A commis is a basic chef in larger kitchens who works under a chef de partie to learn the station's or range's responsibilities and operation. Chef contains solutions for both small and large scale systems, with features and pricing for the respective ranges. [10] The jacket is usually white to show off the chef's cleanliness and repel heat, and is double-breasted to prevent serious injuries from burns and scalds. The kitchen brigade system is a hierarchy found in restaurants and hotels employing extensive staff, many of which use the word "chef" in their titles. Chef recipes can query these attributes and use the resulting data to help configure the node. Today it is the primary general-utility knife for most western cooks. Education is available from many culinary institutions offering diploma, associate, and bachelor's degree programs in culinary arts. Many of the titles are based on the brigade de cuisine (or brigade system) documented by Auguste Escoffier, while others have a more general meaning depending on the individual kitchen. A personal chef is a chef who is hired by different clients and prepares meals in the clients' home kitchens, based on their needs and preferences.. Other names include executive chef, chef manager, head chef, and master chef. This person is accountable for the kitchen's inventory, cleanliness, organization, and the continuing training of its entire staff. It uses a pure-Ruby, domain-specific language (DSL) for writing system configuration "recipes". Si tratta di un cuoco altamente qualificato, competente in tutti gli aspetti della preparazione del cibo. (The French word comes from Latin caput (head) and is cognate with English "chief"). The Sous-Chef de Cuisine (under-chef of the kitchen) is the second-in-command and direct assistant of the Chef de Cuisine. In a smaller kitchen, these duties may be incorporated. Also, he or she will fill in for or assist the Chef de Partie (line cook) when needed. A chef is a trained professional cook and tradesman who is proficient in all aspects of food preparation, often focusing on a particular cuisine. If wound dressings are required they should be blue—an unusual colour for foodstuffs—so that they are noticeable if they fall into food. A chef's knife generally has a blade eight inches (20 centimeters) in length and 1 1 ⁄ 2 inches (3.8 cm) in width, although individual models range from 6 to 14 inches (15 to 36 centimetres) in length. Chef is supported on multiple platforms according to a supported platforms matrix for client and server products. Chef Server is supported on RHEL/CentOS, Oracle Linux, Oracle Cloud and Ubuntu. Changes in this release included a complete rewrite of the core API server in Erlang. Line cooks are often divided into a hierarchy of their own, starting with "first cook", then "second cook", and so on as needed. [3] This is often the case for executive chefs with multiple restaurants. [6] This may be a chef who has recently completed formal culinary training or is still undergoing training. In English, the title "chef" in the culinary profession originated in the haute cuisine of the 19th century. Als Küchenchef oder Chefkoch (französisch Maître de Cuisine bzw. Chef makes sure each resource is properly configured and corrects any resources that are not in the desired state. An internship is often part of the curriculum. Involved in checking the sensory evaluation of dishes after preparation and they are well aware of each sensory property of those specific dishes. Shoes and clogs are hard-wearing and with a steel-top cap to prevent injury from falling objects or knives. A communard is in charge of preparing the meal for the staff during a shift. A sous-chef's duties can also include carrying out the head chef's directives, conducting line checks, and overseeing the timely rotation of all food products. A sous-chef de cuisine (French: "under-chef of the kitchen") is a chef who is "the second in command in a kitchen; the person ranking next after the executive chef." [17], CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, How Chef Enables the DevOps Culture at Prezi - Zsolt Dollenstein, Comparison of open-source configuration management software, "The Chef, the Puppet, and the Sexy IT Admin", "Getting Started with Configuration Management", "Chef Provisioning: Infrastructure As Code", Introducing the New Chef: 100% Open, Always - Chef Blog, "Facebook uses a seasoned Chef to keep servers simmering", "ChefConf Readout: Chef to Enable the Full Continuous Deployment Pipeline", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chef_(software)&oldid=990641332, Virtualization-related software for Linux, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Pages using Infobox software with unknown parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 17:45. Ideally, over time, a commis will spend a certain period in each section of the kitchen to learn the basics. Chef is used to streamline the task of configuring and maintaining a company's servers, and can integrate with cloud-based platforms such as Internap, Amazon EC2, Google Cloud Platform, Oracle Cloud, OpenStack, SoftLayer, Microsoft Azure, and Rackspace to automatically provision and configure new machines. Consequently, the sous-chef holds much responsibility in the kitchen, which can eventually lead to promotion to becoming the executive chef. [6][7] More than a configuration management tool, Chef, along with Puppet and Ansible, is one of the industry's most notable Infrastructure as Code (IAC) tools. The usual formal training period for a chef is two to four years in catering college. Chef bezeichnet: . A chef's standard uniform includes a hat (called a toque), neckerchief, double-breasted jacket, apron and sturdy shoes (that may include steel or plastic toe-caps). Chefs can receive formal training from an institution, as well as by apprenticing with an experienced chef. In the UK, the title executive chef normally applies to hotels with multi outlets in the same hotel.

Good Omens Libro Sinopsis, Trabajo En Walmart Temuco, Triunfo Del Amor Capítulo 143, Pinacate Animal Picadura, Nombres Para Perros Que Signifiquen Paz, Dólar Banco De Chile, 5 Nombres De Reptiles Del Ecuador, Blaptica Dubia Como Eliminar,

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